Royal Charters, granted by the sovereign on the advice of the Privy Council, have a history dating back to the 13th century. Their original purpose was to create public or private corporations (including towns and cities), and to define their privileges and purpose. Nowadays, though Charters are still occasionally granted to cities, new Charters are normally reserved for bodies that work in the public interest (such as professional institutions and charities) and which can demonstrate pre-eminence, stability and permanence in their particular field.
Many older universities in England, Wales and Northern Ireland are also Chartered bodies.
Information on Chartered Bodies, Applying for a Royal Charter or Amending a Royal Charter, please use the drop down menu.